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History of Malacca

sejarah melaka 1 sejarah melaka 2

Malacca is well known for its historical uniqueness. The history of Malacca began when Parameswara, a royal prince from Palembang was involved in the struggle for the throne of Majapahit government towards the end of the 14th century.

Once he was defeated by Majapahit, he ran for protection to Temasek which was then dominated by the Siamese. After being evicted out of Temasek by the colonists from Siam, in 1396, he and his followers withdraw to Muar and later to Sungai Ujong before stopping by at Bertam which is close to the Melaka river estuary.

Upon arrival in Bertam, he witnessed his hunting dog being kicked by a white mouse deer. He was so impressed with the bravery of the white mouse deer and decided to set up a state there.

He asked about the name of the tree which he was leaning under and his followers had replied by stating that it was the Melaka tree. Therefore he decided to name his state after that tree.

Parameswara had made the right choice as Malacca is strategically located amid the Straits of Malacca banks which connect China to India and the East, making it a really suitable venue as a trading centre. The arrival of Arabic traders as well as traders from the East and West had developed Malacca as a bustling entrepot with hundreds of ships stopping by every year.

Parameswara embraced Islam through a scholar from Jeddah in 1414 and that was the starting point for the development of Malacca as the premier commercial centre and spreading of Islam in this region. Malacca continued to be known as the Malay trading centre in the East.

Among the commodity goods available in Malacca were  silk and porcelain from China, cloths from Gujerati and Coromandel in India, camphor from Borneo, sandalwood from the East, nutmeg and cloves from Moluccas, gold and black pepper from Sumatera as well as tin from Malaya.

Last Updated: Monday, 11 December 2017 - 12:17am